Copiapoa fiedleriana is endemic to Chile, where it occurs in Atacama, around Huasco to north of Carrizal Bajo. Extent of occurrence of approximately 800 km2.C. fiedleriana was originally described from the sea shore at Huasco, near the mouth of the valley in which Nicolasa is situated.
This species need full sun otherwise the bodies tended to elongate in cultivation, but should be protected from excessive heat and sun in summer, Require light watering, good drainage, and deep pot to accommodate tap root. Keep warm and dry in winter to avoid rot. Frost tolerance 0°C.