The soil needs to be well-drained sand with quartzitic gravel added. A loam-based garden soil mixed with sand and gravel is ideal. Seed should be sown during the autumn. Germination is within three weeks and the small plants can be transplanted after a year. Sow seed in shallow trays in a sandy mixture. Cover with a thin layer of sand (2 mm) and water by capillary action (place bottom of seed tray in a shallow bucket of water for a while, until sufficient water, has been absorbed). Keep in a sunny corner. Water sufficiently during the first winter but keep dry during the summer. The young seedlings can be planted out after a year. Cuttings can be made from leaf pairs during autumn. Cut from as close to the base as possible. Allow to dry out for a week. Plant in sand and water well. Keep in a sunny corner. Rooting should take place within a month.
Soil should consist of gravel and sand with ample loam or clay. This plant needs a sunny site. Only water during autumn and winter and withhold water during summer months. Containers should be well drained. Place a gravel layer at the base of the container. Water sparingly during the cool months and a liquid organic fertilizer can occasionally be added. Plants can remain in the same container for a number of years. The plant skin should become wrinkly during this time but it is perfectly normal.